This list has been compiled by Frank Bouchier, ISSA Garden Manager, and Stephen Marsh, a dedicated potato grower and ISSA member. Closing date for orders 25th March 2005.
SHARPE'S EXPRESS (1900)
Came top in our taste test of the first earlies. Bred over a hundred years ago by Charles Sharpe of Sleaford, it is a long white variety. Yield and disease-resistance are poor but flavour is excellent.
RED DUKE OF YORK (1942)
An oval red variety with cream flesh and floury texture. Not immune to wart disease and susceptible to viruses and blight, but it produces a good yield of excellent flavour. Also known as Rode Eersteling. Raised in Holland from Duke of York.
Bred by John Watson of Ayr in 1931. An oval white variety it produces a good crop. Flesh is white and of firm texture. Cooking qualities and flavour excellent. Foliage is medium height.
MAY QUEEN (1900)
A long oval white variety with soft white flesh and semi-floury texture. Not immune to wart disease and susceptible to blight. A good yielding variety of fair quality. Raised by Mr Walker of Bishop's Cleeve, near Cheltenham, and known as "Walker's Seedling".
An irregular round/oval white skinned variety (turning pink on exposure). Eyes are deep. Flesh is white and semi-floury in texture. Produces a good yield of fair quality tubers with reasonable resistance to most diseases. Recovers well from spring frosts. Raised by James Clarke of Christchurch, Hampshire.
*ULSTER SCEPTRE (1964)
Bred by John Clarke of Co Antrim in 1964. Gives good yields of waxy potatoes, which are regional favourites. Best eaten early, a long white variety.
LAND LEAGUER / GARDEN FILLER / HIBERNIA
Oval-to-long tubers with a light purple skin, darker at rose end. Flesh is yellow, floury and tasty. Grown in Clare as "Land Leaguer" and around Athlone under the name "Garden Filler".
IRISH PEACE (1923)
A round/oval white-skinned variety with white flesh. Very vigorous, producing good yields quickly. Some resistance to common scab, but susceptible to blight and viruses.
*EDZELL BLUE (Pre-1915)
Breeder unknown. It has a beautiful blue/purple skin which contrasts with its white flesh. It has high dry matter and is very floury with a good flavour.
Bred in the Netherlands in 1957. Tubers oval-to-long, skin is white, flesh is creamy-yellow, texture is floury-to-firm and quality is fair. It can produce a heavy crop on good soil.
A purple-eyed variety with soft white lemon- tinged flesh and floury texture. Eyes are shallow and cooking quality is excellent with good flavour. It has some resistance to most diseases and is immune to wart disease. A beautiful tuber and, when well grown, an excellent show variety. Raised by A Findlay of Auchermuchty, Fife.
Tubers round-to-oval, skin white, flesh white. Haulm low spreading. Aucuba mosaic always present as tallow discolouration on leaf. Raised by Robert Fenn, Sulhampsted, and awarded a first class certificate by Royal Horticultural Society in 1893.
DUNBAR ROVER (1936)
A round oval white variety with shallow eyes and white flesh of floury texture. It has excellent cooking qualities and produces a heavy crop. Has some resistance to blight and most diseases. Immune to wart disease. Raised by Charles Spence of Dunbar, Scotland.
GREAT SCOT (1909)
A flattish round yellow-skinned variety with white flesh of floury texture. Reasonably resistant to blight and other diseases, it produces good yields reliably and is a tall upright grower. Raised by G Muir of Lockerbie, Scotland.
A long tuber with yellow flesh and firm waxy texture of good flavour. An excellent salad potato. Susceptible to blight and viruses. If large tubers are wanted, leave only 2-3 sprouts on each tuber. Raised in France.
ULSTER EMBLEM (1948)
A long oval variety with white skin and flesh with semi-waxy texture. Excellent flavour with good cooking qualities, it produces a good yield. Raised by John Clarke of Mosside, Co Antrim.
RED KIDNEY (Pre-1860)
Origin unknown. A kidney-shaped tuber with pink skin and white flesh. Yield is good, eating quality is poor and keeping quality is fair.
ARRAN BANNER (1927)
A round white variety with white flesh of firm texture and good cooking quality. Has some resistance to blight, scab and some other diseases. It produces a heavy yield under a variety of conditions. Raised by Donald Mackelvie from Aran, Scotland.
A round pink variety, dented at heel, with white floury flesh. It is immune to wart disease, has some resistance to blight and produces good yields.
An oval variety with pink markings on skin. Flesh is white with a semi-waxy texture and of excellent quality. Awarded a Gold Medal at the Ormskirk trials in 1935, it gives excellent yields. Raised by McGill & Smith in Ayr. Introduced as "Ochitree" in 1932 and renamed in 1933 as Gladstone.
KING EDWARD (1902)
A round/oval white-skinned variety with splashes of pink on skin and white flesh of floury texture. It has excellent all-round cooking qualities and is extremely popular. It gives a reasonable yield, but is susceptible to blight and viruses and is not immune to wart disease. A good exhibition variety.
A round/oval knobbly white-skinned variety with deep eyes. Flesh is white and waxy but taste is poor and culinary use limited. A historic variety (grown in the famine years) giving good yields but grown for interest only. Raised in Ireland.
A round pink-skinned variety with medium-to-deep eyes. Flesh is cream with a floury texture and the flavour is excellent with good cooking qualities. Immune to wart disease. Grows vigorously and yields are excellent. Good for heavy soils. Awarded a Gold Medal in the Ormskirk trials of 1936. Raised by William Pollack from Renfrewshire, Scotland.
A round/oval white-skinned variety with white flesh of good flavour. Reasonable disease-resistance and capable of giving heavy yields.
Long irregular tuber with deep eyes, white skin and flesh. Origin is unknown. Once cultivated extensively in the Ardara district of Co Donegal. Yield is good, quality medium; keeps well. Haulm is erect, tall and vigorous.
Tubers are oval-to-oblong, skin is deep purple; flesh is yellow with a pronounced purple ring under the skin. Haulm is semi-erect, medium height. A very old variety grown in Kimacrenan district, Co Donegal. Never known to have been grown on a commercial scale.
ARRAN VICTORY (1918)
A round blue/purple-skinned variety with white flesh of a floury texture. It has good cooking qualities and good flavour. Immune to wart disease and fairly resistant to blight and scab. Growth is vigorous and yield is heavy. One of the best blues. Raised by Donald Mackelvie from Arran.
Round, dark purple variety with some resistance to blight. It has a white, waxy flesh of firm texture with a creamy after-taste.
A round white tuber, somewhat flattened and dented at heel. Some purple on skin, and flesh is yellow and floury in texture. Eyes are deep. It is immune to wart disease and has some resistance to blight. It is a quality potato with good yields. A famous variety in Ireland, occupying nearly 80% of total acreage in 1866. Raised by John Nicoll from Angus, Scotland.
DUNBAR STANDARD (1936)
A long oval white variety with cream flesh, floury texture and shallow eyes. It has good cooking qualities but can blacken after cooking. Immune to wart disease, it has some resistance to diseases including blight. Awarded a Gold Medal at Ormskirk in 1936, it produces heavy yields. A tall, vigorous grower. Raised by Charles Spence of Dunbar, Scotland.
Raised by James Clarke of Christchurch, Hants, about 1876. Renamed Langworthy by J Niven, Perth, about 1900. This variety was extensively grown in Scotland at that time. It was noted for its extra-good cooking and keeping quality but yield can be light. "Golden Wonder" is identical to Maincrop/Langworthy except that it has a russet skin and can, in consequence, be readily identified. Tubers are kidney-shaped and somewhat irregular, skin is white and flesh is pale lemon.
Tubers are round, slightly flattened. Skin is light pink and flesh is white. Yield is fair, quality is good and it keeps well. Believed to have been raised by Strain, Ballyroney, Co Down, about 1910.
ASH LEAF KIDNEY
Round-to-kidney-shaped tuber with yellowish skin and creamy white flesh of good flavour.
A round tuber with bright red skin that fades a little on cooking. It has a creamy white flesh of firm semi-floury texture and a fair flavour.
An oblong tuber with dark purple skin and flesh. It has a floury texture and fair flavour.
Round tubers with a rough, crinkly pink skin. Flesh is yellow, floury and of excellent flavour. A reasonable cropper if left in the ground until the frosts stop it. Good disease-resistance, particularly to blight. It is a vigorous grower, so give it plenty of space. It flowers for a long period.
PINK FIR APPLE (1880)
Tubers are long, thin and very knobbly with pink skin, cream flesh and firm waxy texture. Excellent new potato taste (throughout the year) and makes a good salad potato. Very susceptible to blight and some diseases. Yields are only fair, and if large tubers are wanted only 2-3 sprouts should be allowed to grow on. Raised in France.
A round pink slightly flattened tuber with soft white flesh. Immune to wart disease and shows some resistance to most diseases. Foliage is of medium height and it gives reasonable yields.